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Ensuring InequalityThe Structural Transformation of the African-American Family, Revised Edition$
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Donna L. Franklin and Angela D. James

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780199374878

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374878.001.0001

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The African-American Family in the Maternalistic Era

The African-American Family in the Maternalistic Era

(p.36) Chapter Three The African-American Family in the Maternalistic Era
Ensuring Inequality

Donna L. Franklin

Angela D. James

Oxford University Press

This chapter charts the emergence of social welfare and the manner in which African Americans were incorporated into emerging urban economies. Specifically, the chapter chronicles how social policies specifically excluded African Americans, rendering them incredibly vulnerable. Whereas marriage provided a route of social mobility for white women, it did not for black women. Racial discrimination in housing, mortgage lending, and employment; less stable economic circumstances for black men; and the collapse of sharecropping led to the growth of racially segregated urban ghettos.

Keywords:   middle-class social activism, New Deal policies, social welfare, social work

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