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Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions$
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Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199378296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001

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Gender and the Genocidal Economy

Gender and the Genocidal Economy

Chapter:
(p.378) 17 Gender and the Genocidal Economy
Source:
Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions
Author(s):

Elisa von Joeden-Forgey

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0017

We are used to thinking about the economics of genocide in material dimensions. This chapter introduces the concept of an invisible, metaphysical “genocidal economy” and argues that it is a core feature of genocidal ideologies, determining the nature and the shape of the crime on the ground. The genocidal economy is a gendered form of understanding power according to which groups, conceptualized as generative units, are locked in a zero-sum, cosmic battle over access to the source of life itself. Using models of “resource-rich” genocides (Christians in the Ottoman Empire, Jews in Nazi-dominated Europe, and Tutsi in Hutu power–controlled Rwanda) and “resource-poor” genocides (the Lord’s Resistance Army in Central Africa and the Revolutionary United Front in Sierra Leone), the chapter looks at various ways in which the genocidal economy is manifested in the material world and its implications for how we define and address the crime.

Keywords:   genocide, gender, sexual violence, atrocity, resource-rich genocide, resource-poor genocide

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