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Beyond the Arab SpringThe Evolving Ruling Bargain in the Middle East$
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Mehran Kamrava

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199384419

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199384419.001.0001

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Revolution And Constitution In The Arab World, 2011–12

Revolution And Constitution In The Arab World, 2011–12

(p.151) 6 Revolution And Constitution In The Arab World, 2011–12
Beyond the Arab Spring

SaAmir Arjomand

Oxford University Press

Considering constitutions as the formalization of political reconstruction and the establishment of new ruling bargains for regimes following revolutions, this chapter traces the evolution of the new ruling bargains in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. It compares the patterns of constitutional politics in these countries, focusing on the struggle for the new political order among competing social and political groups and institutions, the outcome of which will entrench emerging ruling bargains by making new constitutions. The comparisons are centered on four sets of variations. The first and second types of variation are in the traditions of the rule of law, and in the character of the old states and the power structures that sustained them, considered as key determinants of the parameters of constitutional change. The third is variation in the extent of negotiated change versus that forced by revolutionary violence. The last source of variation concerns the constitutional placement of Islam. With the passing of the age of ideology in the Middle East, Islam has been proposed by the Arab Islamist parties as a limitation on the legislative power of the “civic state”, in contrast to the Iranian counter-constitutionalist premise.

Keywords:   Tunisia, Islam, Egypt, civic state, Libya, constitutions, Islamist parties

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