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Wondrous TruthsThe Improbable Triumph of Modern Science$
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J.D. Trout

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199385072

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385072.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 January 2022

Newton’s Hunch

Newton’s Hunch

(p.153) 6 Newton’s Hunch
Wondrous Truths

J.D. Trout

Oxford University Press

Newton had a hunch that the world in the small was like the world in the large. He wasn’t the first to believe in atoms. Newton could only guess that the particles composing air were spherical. Conventional wisdom counseled the opposite, that the particles were vastly different shapes and sizes. So Newton represents a familiar theme in the advance toward modern theories; there was a huge theoretical gap between what Newton knew and what he concluded. He made a significant guess, the hunch proved accurate, and the guess paid off. This corpuscular hunch was important not because the evidence for it was great, but because believing it moved the fields of physics and chemistry forward. By the 1740s, a few additional insights advanced the physics of motion and of gases squarely in front of truth’s target. It was now harder to miss the target, no matter what methodology was used.

Keywords:   Newton, physics, motion, gases, atoms, particles

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