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China’s Technological Catch-Up StrategyIndustrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions$
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Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199385324

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.001.0001

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(p.1) Chapter 1 Introduction
China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy

Michael T. Rock

Michael Toman

Oxford University Press

Since the onset of economic reforms in 1978, China has been remarkably successful in reducing the CO2 intensity of GDP and industrial production despite a rising share of energy-intensive industries in industrial value added and a rising CO2 intensity of fuel use. The focus in this book is on four such industries: aluminum, cement, iron and steel, and paper. The rapid decline in industry CO2 intensity was due in part to rising energy prices, increased openness to trade and investment, and increased competition. But actually realizing improved energy efficiency in Chinese industries has been highly dependent on industrial policies and institutions that encouraged enterprises to build their technological capabilities. Success in technology transfer and building more robust technological capabilities depended on enterprise investments in technological upgrading—though challenges and costs have been incurred along the way.

Keywords:   China industrial policies, industry CO2 intensity, energy efficiency, technology upgrading, aluminum industry, cement industry, paper industry

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