Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Vanguard of the ImamReligion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Afshon Ostovar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199387892

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

From Ali to Khomeini

From Ali to Khomeini

(p.19) 2 From Ali to Khomeini
Vanguard of the Imam

Afshon Ostovar

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of the formation of Shiite Islam, from succession to the Prophet Muhammad through the tragedy of Imam Husayn’s martyrdom at Karbala. It examines the traditions and beliefs that transformed the political movement that backed the Prophet’s descendants into a separate variant of the Islamic faith, including the occultation of the Twelfth Imam. It then discusses the rise of clerical authority in the Shiite religion, and the creation of the marja al-taqlid in nineteenth-century Iraq. Reactions to Western imperialism and the Islamic movement in Iran are also discussed. The role of clergy in political activism, the emergence of pro-clerical armed groups such as the Fada’iyan-e Islam, and the impact of Ruhollah Khomeini on Islamist activism are explored. The influence of Western political ideologies on Islamist thought, especially that of Ali Shariati, and revolutionary organizations such as the Mojahedin-e Khalq are also discussed.

Keywords:   Islam, Shi`ism, Shiite Islam, Shi’a Islam, ulama, Islamism, Political Islam, Ali Shariati, Mojahedin-e Khalq, Ruhollah Khomeini

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .