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Science Outside the Laboratory – Measurement in Field Science and Economics - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Science Outside the Laboratory: Measurement in Field Science and Economics

Marcel Boumans


Measurement is the assignment of numbers to objects or events according to a rule. The rule should be such that the numbers provide reliable information about the objects or events. But the rules applicable in the field are different from the rules used in the laboratory. Methodologies appropriate for field measurement have to include instructions of how to replace control of the measurand and environment by control of the representing model, and how to deal with unscientific observations. Investigations of several measurement practices in different social field sciences show that for such met ... More

Keywords: consensus, expert judgment, field science, laboratory science, measurement, model

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780199388288
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Marcel Boumans, author
Associate Professor of History and Methodology of Economics, Faculty of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam

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