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Empire by TreatyNegotiating European Expansion, 1600-1900$
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Saliha Belmessous

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199391783

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391783.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

“Love Alone is not Enough”

“Love Alone is not Enough”

Treaties in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Colonial Expansion

(p.19) 2 “Love Alone is not Enough”
Empire by Treaty

Arthur Weststeijn

Oxford University Press

Dutch colonial expansion from the late sixteenth century onward was characterized by continuous attempts at treaty making with indigenous peoples. This chapter discusses the intellectual and practical background to this dominance of treaties, focusing on the colonial involvement of Hugo Grotius and the rise of Dutch power in Southeast Asia in the opening decades of the seventeenth century. The chapter argues that treaty making developed out of a fundamental reassessment of the role of recognition, consent, and obligation in international relations. The aim was to make agreements, and the keeping of agreements, into the foundational backbone of a legal international order. In colonial practice the paradoxical consequence of formalizing such mutual recognition was that the Dutch could claim dominance over their indigenous counterparts and European competitors by enforcing obligation by consent.

Keywords:   Dutch colonization, seventeenth century, Hugo Grotius, international law, Southeast Asia, treaties, recognition, consent, obligation

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