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Textbook of Global Health$
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Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199392285

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 October 2021

Health Under Crises and the Limits to Humanitarianism

Health Under Crises and the Limits to Humanitarianism

(p.335) 8 Health Under Crises and the Limits to Humanitarianism
Textbook of Global Health

Anne-Emanuelle Birn

Yogan Pillay

Timothy H. Holtz

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the health consequences of ecologic disasters, food insecurity and famine, militarism, war, and terrorism, nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, and complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) in conflict and/or politically unstable settings including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, and the Palestinian Occupied Territories. It covers the plight of and adverse health effects for refugees, asylum-seekers, and internally displaced persons uprooted by CHEs in the context of inadequate international responses. Linked to this discussion, the chapter examines the role of bilateral (including military), multilateral, and nongovernmental actors and the politics of humanitarian assistance in the face of major storms, floods, earthquakes, droughts, and related disasters as well as in circumstances of violence and displacement. The chapter also reflects on the dilemmas of humanitarianism and contemplates the role of a political economy approach in preventing crises and transforming humanitarian responses.

Keywords:   ecologic disasters, crisis, militarism, war, complex humanitarian emergencies, famine, food aid, refugees, population displacement, humanitarianism

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