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TaintedHow Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199396412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 April 2021

Uncovering Cover-Up

Uncovering Cover-Up

Inference to the Best Explanation in Medicine

(p.157) Chapter 12 Uncovering Cover-Up

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Oxford University Press

The chapter investigates a third, and perhaps the most prominent, alternative to hypothesis-testing: inference to the best explanation. The chapter shows why this method is superior to those outlined earlier in the book. Its success is a result of its mandating assessment of causes via potential underlying mechanisms, unification of theoretical principles, and counterfactual manipulation of competing hypotheses. To defend inference to the best explanation, the chapter focuses on the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and shows that, contrary to popular beliefs, it killed many people.

Keywords:   cause, counterfactual manipultion, inference to the best explanation, mechanism, medicine, nuclear accident, Three Mile Island, unification

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