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TaintedHow Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199396412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Understanding Uncertainty

Understanding Uncertainty

False Negatives in Quantitative Risk Analysis

(p.196) Chapter 14 Understanding Uncertainty

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Oxford University Press

The chapter assesses another typical scientific value judgment, minimizing false positives (false assertions of an effect), not false negatives (false denials of an effect), when both cannot be minimized, in situations of uncertainty. Contrary to standard scientific opinion, the chapter argues that in welfare-related, uncertain science, minimizing false negatives is scientifically and ethically superior.

Keywords:   false positive, false negative, quantitative risk analysis, uncertainty, value judgment

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