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TaintedHow Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199396412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Learning from Analogy

Learning from Analogy

Extrapolating from Animal Data in Toxicology

(p.57) Chapter 5 Learning from Analogy

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Oxford University Press

The chapter evaluates the heuristic strategy of analogy, developing new hypotheses from those in other areas. It shows that because of different socio-political constraints, extrapolation from animal-based studies, and not human-based studies, are often more promising avenues for learning about human biology. They also are more likely to lead to human protection from pollutants.

Keywords:   analogy, animal-based studies, biology, extrapolation, heuristic

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