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Law and Practice of the United Nations$
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Simon Chesterman, Ian Johnstone, and David M. Malone

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199399482

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199399482.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Accountability in Practice

Accountability in Practice

(p.591) chapter sixteen Accountability in Practice
Law and Practice of the United Nations

Simon Chesterman

Ian Johnstone

David M. Malone

Oxford University Press

Several UN bodies possess sweeping jurisdiction under the UN Charter, notably the power to determine the limits of their own jurisdiction. None of these bodies (the Security Council, the General Assembly, the ICJ) is directly accountable to any other. This facilitates decision-making, but also creates an apparent accountability deficit. In theory, these bodies are accountable to no one. This chapter tests that theory by examining some high-profile UN failures and abuses that happened in the course of UN operations, including its inability to aid those in Sri Lanka’s civil war and to prevent widespread killing in Rwanda in 1994 and Srebrenica (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 1995, as well as its questionable use of authority in the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo, allegations of sexual exploitation made against UN peacekeepers, and the management(or mismanagement) of the Oil-for-Food Programme, which allowed a humanitarian exemption from embargoes on the sale of Iraqi oil.

Keywords:   United Nations, accountability, responsibility, Sri Lanka, Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, sexual exploitation, Oil-for-Food, Iraq

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