This chapter summarizes the research project to argue that materialistic discourses and ideologies of consumer citizenship have gained new pre-eminence in the emerging subjectivities of Indian Muslim youth, and that they are creating new dynamics for assimilation among Muslims with interesting implications for Indian democratic politics. It also sums up how the Muslim identity and identity politics emerging from this dynamics advance the idea of ‘alternative modernities’, not only to give credence to modernity’s ubiquitous presence, but also to highlight how its core concepts, such as the ability to reflect upon and question one’s position within the evolving contexts, have been internalized in varying degrees in different situations and geographies. And Muslim youth’s ‘convoluted modernities’ reflect the internalization of modernity’s core ideas even as appear to oppose or negate it.
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