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India's ChildrenEssays on Social Policy$
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A. K. Shiva Kumar, Preet Rustagi, and Ramya Subrahmanian

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199455287

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199455287.001.0001

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Economic Status and Child Deprivation

Economic Status and Child Deprivation

Findings from Village Surveys1

(p.68) 3 Economic Status and Child Deprivation
India's Children

Madhura Swaminathan

Venkatesh Athreya

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores selected dimensions of child deprivation and variations in these dimensions across households of different economic status, using wealth as a proxy for long-term economic status. The analysis is undertaken with detailed household level data from five village surveys (two in Uttar Pradesh and three in Andhra Pradesh) conducted by the Foundation of Agrarian Studies as part of its Project on Agrarian Relations in India (PARI). While deprivations among children remained high on many scores and followed already recognized patterns such as gender differences, deprivation was highest for children from households in the lowest three asset quintiles. At the same time, even children in the top quintile faced deprivations in some indicators. Social policy for rural children needs to be designed in such a way as to ensure the inclusion of the lowest 90 per cent and not focus on exclusion of those in the wealthiest decile.

Keywords:   child deprivation, village survey, asset quintile, school attendance, child labour, housing, rural, India, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, agrarian relations

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