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The FeringheesSir Robert and Sir William — Two Europeans in India: Volume 2: The Straight Race$
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Elizabeth Hamilton

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199460113

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460113.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 July 2021

The Road to Independence

The Road to Independence

Chapter:
(p.227) 22 The Road to Independence
Source:
The Feringhees
Author(s):

Elizabeth Hamilton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460113.003.0022

The Second Cripps Mission goes out and attempts to bridge the widening gap between Hindus, Muslims, and the princely states but returns without agreements. Lord Wavell is replaced by Earl Mountbatten who is charged with the task of effecting a rapid handover. British officials start to leave and there is a feeling among the Politicals that they are abandoning their friends. The Mountbattens establish a close relationship with Nehru and Gandhi and Mr Jinnah becomes alienated. Boundaries are drawn between India and a new nation, Pakistan. Gandhi has a last fast. He is assassinated shortly afterwards, and deeply mourned. The invasion of Hyderabad, ‘Operation Polo’, is described. Sir William continues to contribute articles to the press. He dies in 1953, the failure to hand over to a united India casting a shadow over his later years. The mistakes and achievements of the feringhees are acknowledged, as the Civil Servants and Politicals did their best to keep the peace and administer justice in the country they learned to love.

Keywords:   Cripps Mission, Earl Mountbatten, Nehru, Jinnah, Gandhi, Operation Polo, Civil Servants, Politicals

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