This chapter describes the brief history of Sikkim and narrates the events leading to its subsequent merger with India in 1975. It describes the social transformation in Sikkim from a feudal society ruled by the king to a progressive democratic society after merger and the tremendous socio-economic progress made by the state ever since. Sikkim today boasts of an economy and governance model comparable to those of the advanced Indian states. The history of its social change and economic achievements have truly been remarkable and access to liberal central grants by virtue of its special category status played no small role in it. The chapter discusses the story of the state’s amazing transformation during the last few decades by analysing its socio-economic, public finance and planning data since the decade of the seventies.
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