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Special Category States of India$
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Govind Bhattacharjee

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199460830

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460830.001.0001

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(p.340) 7 Uttarakhand
Special Category States of India

Govind Bhattacharjee

Oxford University Press

Uttarakhand comprises two regions – Garhwal and Kumaon which were independent kingdoms at constant loggerheads with each other till they were merged together by the British and made a part of the United Provinces which later became Uttar Pradesh after independence. Languishing in backwardness, with total absence of infrastructure and ignored and neglected by the rulers in Lucknow, Uttaranchal seethed in anger and frustration which led to the movement for their separate hill state. Use of brutal force by the Mulayam Singh Government to crush this movement galvanized the hill people in a mass upsurge against the new ‘colonial’ masters which ultimately led to the formation of the new state in November 2000. Special category status was accorded to this state in 2001. This chapter describes these developments in details and then describes how, within a decade, the state has achieved remarkable progress in terms of socio-economic indicators and accelerated economic growth.

Keywords:   Treaty of Sigauli, Shilpkar Sabha, Uttarakhand Kranti Dal, Samajwadi Party, Emergence of Bahujan Samaj Party, UP politics in 1990s, Mandal Commission, Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Bill

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