Uttarakhand comprises two regions – Garhwal and Kumaon which were independent kingdoms at constant loggerheads with each other till they were merged together by the British and made a part of the United Provinces which later became Uttar Pradesh after independence. Languishing in backwardness, with total absence of infrastructure and ignored and neglected by the rulers in Lucknow, Uttaranchal seethed in anger and frustration which led to the movement for their separate hill state. Use of brutal force by the Mulayam Singh Government to crush this movement galvanized the hill people in a mass upsurge against the new ‘colonial’ masters which ultimately led to the formation of the new state in November 2000. Special category status was accorded to this state in 2001. This chapter describes these developments in details and then describes how, within a decade, the state has achieved remarkable progress in terms of socio-economic indicators and accelerated economic growth.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.