Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
India and World War IIWar, Armed Forces, and Society, 1939–45$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Kaushik Roy

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199463534

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463534.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2020

Disaster in Hong Kong, Malaya, and Singapore

Disaster in Hong Kong, Malaya, and Singapore

1941–2

Chapter:
(p.234) 6 Disaster in Hong Kong, Malaya, and Singapore
Source:
India and World War II
Author(s):

Kaushik Roy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463534.003.0007

Several managerial and technical factors were responsible for the disaster at Malaya. The failure of the Indian troops was because they were preparing for the wrong war. They were trained for desert warfare when suddenly they had to confront jungle warfare techniques by the Nipponese soldiers in Malaya. Moreover, because of rapid expansion of the Indian Army, ‘milking’ of the various units and indiscriminate mixing of different ethnic communities within the regiments/battalions destroyed the coherence of the Indian units. It resulted in presence of raw recruits and absence of trained jawans and NCOs in the units. After every exodus of trained personnel, training had to start from scratch in each unit. This vicious cycle went on till the Japanese invaded Malaya. Inadequate anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons and shortage of aircraft debilitated the Commonwealth units against the Japanese advance. In Singapore, complete paralysis of command, control, communications, and intelligence occurred at the divisional, brigade, and even regimental levels. Deficiency in the latter sphere combined with bad generalship resulted in disintegration of the forces, culminating in final surrender at Singapore.

Keywords:   jungle warfare, Malaya, desert warfare, Nipponese soldiers, Commonwealth units, surrender at Singapore

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .