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Empire in the HillsSimla, Darjeeling, Ootacamund, and Mount Abu, 1820-1920$
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Queeny Pradhan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199463558

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463558.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

Organization of Space

Organization of Space

The Imperial Spectacle*

(p.130) 5 Organization of Space
Empire in the Hills

Queeny Pradhan

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on how the nature of the colonial capitalist enterprise accelerated in this period. Communication networks were frantically developed to link railways with roads and bridges, annihilating time and space. The positioning of these stations at the centre of the colonial capitalist enterprise leads to the emergence of banks, malls, as sites of sociability and consumption of European goods. Furthermore, walks, parks, gardens, museums, and public buildings—like town hall, theatre, clubs, and monuments—were seen as manifestations of cultural predilections of a particular class. The projection of consensus among the English and the Europeans is questioned as one traces the urban ecology and discovers the embedded hierarchy in the spatial layout. While in Darjeeling, at an elevated end of the Mall, lies the seat of governmental authority, on the extreme end of the Mall, at a slightly lower elevation, lies the Planters’ Club. The planters were seen to be lower down in the order of imperial hierarchy and were derisively called boxwallahs. Indian bazaars were at the bottom of this spatial configuration.

Keywords:   Summer capitals, capitalism, roads, railways, tea-gardens, urban amenities, urban ecology, bazaars, modernity, planters

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