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The Agartala DoctrineA Proactive Northeast in Indian Foreign Policy$
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Subir Bhaumik

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199463800

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463800.001.0001

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The Geopolitics of Change in Myanmar

The Geopolitics of Change in Myanmar

(p.219) 10 The Geopolitics of Change in Myanmar
The Agartala Doctrine

Bertil Lintner

Oxford University Press

Important changes have taken place in Myanmar’s domestic policies and foreign relations since a new government assumed power in March 2011. Myanmar has distanced itself from China, until then the country’s main foreign ally, trading partner and most important supplier of military hardware, while Western nations had downgraded relations and imposed sanctions on Myanmar’s military government because of its abysmal human-rights record. The release of political prisoners, more press freedom and freedom to political organizations operate freely should be seen in this context: China’s embrace had become too strong and Myanmar’s leaders feared the country could lose its independence . Reforms were needed to improve relations with the West. Predictably, the West and India, which were concerned about China’s influence, have responded favourably to Myanmar’s new policies.

Keywords:   Thein Sein, Western sanctions, Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, North Korea, China, Myitsone, Ne Win, Communist Party of Burma, Navy, Kyauk Pyu port, Yunnan oil-gas pipeline, India’s Look East policy, United Wa State Army, Kachin Independence Army

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