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The Agartala DoctrineA Proactive Northeast in Indian Foreign Policy$
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Subir Bhaumik

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199463800

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463800.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 February 2021

States in USA’s Foreign Policy

States in USA’s Foreign Policy

(p.296) 14 States in USA’s Foreign Policy
The Agartala Doctrine

Edmund Downie

Oxford University Press

This essay reviews the literature on the role of American states in international affairs across a variety of spheres, to offer a comprehensive assessment of their role as international actors today. The federal government is unquestionably the supreme American player in the international sphere; states are at best minor forces within the foreign policymaking process. At the same time, increasing global interdependence and exchange over the past several decades have added international dimensions to traditional issues of state governance, from economic development and resource management to law enforcement and even moral legislation. This process has forced a reworking of federal-state relations in the international sphere, one that has secured for states the right to operate without federal direction in some international matters and, at times, even go against federal policy. These developments serve as a foundation for the remarkable array of international activities that American states undertake today.

Keywords:   federalism, United States, political science, globalization, constitutionalism, foreign affairs, America, immigration, resource management, climate change, national security, economic development, international trade, international relations

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