There are fundamental challenges that Indian society faces. Lack of inclusive growth, inequitable development, an unconscionably large number of absolute poor, pressures of population on land and resources, and deprivation are all retarding human development. India has missed the bus for the manufacturing stage in its economic transition. The consequences of this on India’s economic growth and the impact on employment opportunities for the youth of the country are far reaching. The stark divide between the urban and the rural poses a challenge to India’s development prospects. Demographic transition is a one-way movement and follows the ‘arrow of time’. The youth bulge needs to be harnessed in the next two decades. If skilled, the young workforce has the potential to move up the value chain in different parts of the world. How these are addressed will substantially shape India’s migration future.
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