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Debates on Civilization in the Muslim WorldCritical Perspectives on Islam and Modernity$
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Lutfi Sunar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199466887

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466887.001.0001

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Culture and Civilization in the Thought of Alija Izetbegovic

Culture and Civilization in the Thought of Alija Izetbegovic

(p.263) 9 Culture and Civilization in the Thought of Alija Izetbegovic
Debates on Civilization in the Muslim World

Mahmut Hakkı Akın

Oxford University Press

Alija Izetbegovic (1925–2003) could be accepted as one of the influential Muslim thinkers and political leaders whose thoughts have attracted attention in the Islamic world. He was interested in various contemporary intellectual, political, and social issues such as the meaning of being human vis-à-vis anthropology, philosophy, art, religion, history, politics, and so on. Izetbegovic accepted three main approaches about human reality and its products: religion (spirituality-based), materialism (material-based), and Islam (based on both the spiritual and the material). He distinguishes Islam from other Abrahamic religions besides the Far Eastern religions and moral thoughts. He criticizes the contemporary Western materialist civilization and considers Islam as an alternative against this falsely developed civilization. With reference to his most important work, Islam between East and West, this article traces his understanding of civilization.

Keywords:   Western Islam, Bosnia, Islam, culture, East and West, Izetbegovic

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