Probing into Issues of Society and Religion
The main approach in this chapter is to discuss Ali Shariati’s main ideas in relation to the author’s conceptual framework by demonstrating his existential concerns and the relevance of such concerns in an inter-civilizational dialogue. It is argued that Shariati’s point of departure is a religiously grounded one, but this, unlike the main argument of modern thinkers, does not prevent him from being engaged with the social self, which is grounded in an understanding of the dynamics of the historical process. This chapter is an illustration of how a Muslim intellectual can come to terms with modernity. The focus of this chapter is on how Shariati has conceptualized modernity and the parameters of this approach within social theory. The main questions discussed here are the following: What are the consequences of this approach in relation to the self, society, the notion of the sacred, the concept of the secular, authenticity, and politics?
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