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Mainstreaming Unpaid WorkTime-use Data in Developing Policies$
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Indira Hirway

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199468256

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468256.001.0001

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Trade Liberalization and Unpaid Work

Trade Liberalization and Unpaid Work

Integrating Unpaid Work into Macroeconomic Policies

(p.369) 11 Trade Liberalization and Unpaid Work
Mainstreaming Unpaid Work
Indira Hirway
Oxford University Press

This chapter tries to understand the impacts of a major macroeconomic policy, namely trade liberalization, on paid and unpaid work by men and women. It argues that looking at macroeconomic policies in a broader framework makes the policies more relevant and valid for an economy. In the first two sections, the chapter presents a conceptual framework, as well as the impact of liberalization in the restructuring production and labour in textile and garment industry. It also shows how trade liberalization pressurizes producers in the industry to restructure production for flexibility and labour for flexibility and for cost reduction. This tends to promote home-based work of men and particularly of women, which is managed by women along with their unpaid work. By analysing the time-use data of the members of the selected households engaged in home-based work, the chapter shows that time use of men and children tends to result in significant macroeconomic losses in several ways. The chapter concludes that there is a need to address these losses by appropriate policy interventions.

Keywords:   trade liberalization, time-use surveys, home-based workers, macroeconomic losses, policy intervention

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