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Mainstreaming Unpaid WorkTime-use Data in Developing Policies$
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Indira Hirway

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199468256

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468256.001.0001

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Time Use and Job Search among the Unemployed and Underemployed

Time Use and Job Search among the Unemployed and Underemployed

(p.231) 6 Time Use and Job Search among the Unemployed and Underemployed
Mainstreaming Unpaid Work

Maria Sagrario Floro

Hitomi Komatsu

Oxford University Press

This chapter is about job search by the unemployed and underemployed. Using data from the 2000–01 South African national TUS, the authors demonstrate the usefulness of time use data in policy discourses related to the problem of unemployment. The paper examines the time use patterns and incidence of job search among the sampled respondents and the determinants that are likely to influence the unemployed person’s ability to look for jobs. By means of probit and tobit regression analyses, the authors examine the link between the incidence and time spent in job search and gender role indicators, controlling for economic, social and demographic factors. The latter include race, household lifecycle, education, household composition as well as area characteristics e.g. access to basic social services. Finally the paper shows that un/underemployed men have significantly higher incidence and intensity of job search compared women, implying that time allocation is crucial for a comprehensive assessment of the gender inequalities in labour market.

Keywords:   South Africa, time-use statistics, unemployment, underemployment, gender inequality, labour market, probit, tobit, job search

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