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The Textile Industry in IndiaChanging Trends and Employment Challenges$
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Bindu Oberoi

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199469352

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469352.001.0001

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The Employment Fall Out

The Employment Fall Out

(p.158) 5 The Employment Fall Out
The Textile Industry in India

Bindu Oberoi

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 presents trends with respect to employment in India’s textile industry. The analysis of these trends suggests that the growth of the labour-intensive textile industry since the early 1990s did not lead to the expected growth of employment. Instead employment declined in both the spinning and the weaving sectors. Technological progress and modernisation in the spinning sector adversely affected employment. The decline of handlooms and composite mills reduced employment in the weaving sector. The quality of employment in the textile industry has also deteriorated due to increasing informalisation of the formal spinning sector. Further, there was a shift from self-employment to wage employment in weaving. The key outcome of these changes was an increase in casualisation of employment in the textile industry. Overall, the performance of the industry on the employment front remains unsatisfactory both in terms of numbers and quality.

Keywords:   employment trends, spinning, weaving, self-employment, wage employment, informalisation, casualisation, labour-intensive, technological progress, modernisation

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