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Calvin at the Centre$
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Paul Helm

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199532186

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.001.0001

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Duplex Gratia

Duplex Gratia

(p.196) 7 Duplex Gratia
Calvin at the Centre

Paul Helm

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that Calvin's idea of salvation taking the form of a ‘double grace’ (duplex gratia), justification and sanctification, two distinct but inseparable gifts, is a stroke of genius. In fact it is an important theme throughout his writings, not only the Institutes but also in his view of the sacraments, and his catechetical instruction. The chapter examines the background to this in Augustine, exploring his view of justification, which is said to be by faith but also embraces subjective renewal. Calvin's own views, the logic of his position, and his treatment of Augustine, raise the question of why, even in the Reformation conflict, he is only mildly critical of Augustine's ‘Catholic’ view of justification. The answer is likely to be because of Augustine's resolute defence of sola gratia. The position of Francis Turretin is considered, which though showing considerable analytical nuance reverts to considering justification and sanctification separately (largely on account of his adoption of a locustheological method). Finally, the views of John Hare on Calvin in his book The Moral Gap are discussed.

Keywords:   Augustine, duplex gratia, faith, John Hare, justification, sanctification, sola fide, Turretin

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