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Beyond The Carbon EconomyEnergy Law in Transition$
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Don Zillman, Catherine Redgwell, Yinka Omorogbe, and Lila K. Barrera-Hernández

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199532698

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532698.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2021

In Search of the Optimum Energy Mix: Japanese Laws Promoting Non-Fossil-Fuel Energy

In Search of the Optimum Energy Mix: Japanese Laws Promoting Non-Fossil-Fuel Energy

(p.481) 21 In Search of the Optimum Energy Mix: Japanese Laws Promoting Non-Fossil-Fuel Energy
Beyond The Carbon Economy

Kazuhiro Nakatani

Oxford University Press

Japan's move away from a carbon economy is required for the following two reasons. First, under the Kyoto Protocol, Japan has to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 6 per cent below the 1990 level in the commitment period between 2008 and 2012. A shift from oil to non-carbon energy resources is absolutely required to attain the commitment under the Protocol. Secondly, Japan is heavily dependent on oil most of which is imported from the Middle East. Japan must therefore look beyond hydrocarbons and critically consider the use of alternative energy sources or renewable energy. This chapter discusses the role of law in Japan's move away from carbon. Nuclear energy, which is categorised as quasi-indigenous energy in energy-poor Japan, is seen as unavoidable and is being promoted as an alternative to oil and gas. When long-term world energy policy is considered, nuclear fusion might stave off the anticipated world energy crisis in the late twenty-first century. Japan has been very active in the ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project.

Keywords:   Japan, carbon economy, non-carbon energy resources, Kyoto Protocol, energy policy, nuclear energy, renewable energy, nuclear fusion, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, greenhouse gas emissions

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