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Protecting CiviliansThe Obligations of Peacekeepers$
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Siobhán Wills

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199533879

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 26 January 2022

Historical Review of Civilian Protection by UN Peacekeepers

Historical Review of Civilian Protection by UN Peacekeepers

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Historical Review of Civilian Protection by UN Peacekeepers
Source:
Protecting Civilians
Author(s):

Siobhán Wills

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.003.0001

This chapter explores the extent to which historically there has been an expectation on the part of the UN, the international community, and local communities that peacekeepers have some obligation to try and protect civilians from crimes against humanity, war crimes, and other serious abuses of their human rights; and the extent to which this expectation was fulfilled. It discusses the theoretical development of peacekeeping and its evolution in practice, focusing in particular on the tension between on the one hand; respect for State sovereignty, the consensual nature of peacekeeping and the importance of remaining impartial as between the warring parties, and the need to be prepared to use force to protect civilians from crimes against humanity, war crimes, and other serious abuses of their human rights, on the other hand. It explores the gradual evolution from consciously non-interventionist principles of peacekeeping, in which protection obligations were viewed as intrinsic to the nature of peacekeeping but were not specifically addressed; to the explicit authorization of protection as the norm for peacekeeping mandates, albeit on highly qualified terms.

Keywords:   Hammarskjöld, peacekeepers, protection, war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, Congo, Rwanda, Srebrenica, Darfur

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