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Leaderless Europe$
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Jack Hayward

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199535026

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.001.0001

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Strategic Innovation by Insider Influence: Monnet to Delors

Strategic Innovation by Insider Influence: Monnet to Delors

(p.15) 1 Strategic Innovation by Insider Influence: Monnet to Delors
Leaderless Europe

Jack Hayward (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

During this period the President of the European Commission lost his pivotal institutional position as power shifted from the followers of Monnet to the defenders of member state sovereignty. National governments had democratic legitimacy which the initiating, goal-setting Commission lacked and de Gaulle enforced their veto over important innovations. A mixture of shared sovereignty in some matters and retained sovereignty in others meant that the Council of Ministers and later the European Council assumed greater prominence. Insider strategic innovation, using the Community Method personified by Delors as Commission President and the Single European Act, marked the triumph of binding agreements, but his successors were unable to sustain the past integration impetus.

Keywords:   innovation, insider, Monnet, Delors, Commission, Community Method, Council of Ministers, sovereignty

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