Introductory remarks trace the historiography of the German army and occupied France from war crimes trials held immediately after the war to the present. As they adjudicated cases of treason and war crimes, jurists at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg defined a standard of appropriate conduct, convicted criminals, and exonerated those who resisted the Nazi regime. Building upon recent French scholarship, this manuscript rejects the binary model of collaboration and resistance in favor of Philippe Burrin's notion of accommodation. Both French society and the German army in France embraced elements of Nazi ideology and, at the same time, resisted select directives from Berlin. They balanced personal ideals against the necessities of life and accommodated demands from superiors in Berlin without necessarily endorsing all the goals of the Nazi regime.
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