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A History of the Spanish LexiconA Linguistic Perspective$
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Steven N. Dworkin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541140

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.001.0001

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The Germanic component of the Spanish lexicon

The Germanic component of the Spanish lexicon

(p.65) 4 The Germanic component of the Spanish lexicon
A History of the Spanish Lexicon

Steven N. Dworkin

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the impact of Germanic languages, primarily Gothic, on the Latin of the Iberian Peninsula. It may be inaccurate to talk about direct language contact between speakers of the Hispano-Latin/Hispano-Romance continuum and Gothic. The Latin of the Visigoths may have been characterized by the presence of Germanic lexical items retained during the (perhaps still ongoing) process of shift from Gothic to Latin. The majority of the Germanic roots found in Spanish entered as borrowings from other languages, especially medieval and modern varieties of Gallo-Romance. The etymological study of Germanic loanwords illustrates the analytic importance of the distinction between the immediate source of a loanword in the recipient language and its more remote ancestry. The chapter concludes with an overview of the small number of (early) modern borrowings from Flemish and German.

Keywords:   Germanic loanwords, Gothic, etymological study, Flemish and German loanwords

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