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A History of the Spanish LexiconA Linguistic Perspective$
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Steven N. Dworkin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541140

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.001.0001

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The impact of Gallo-Romance on the Spanish lexicon

The impact of Gallo-Romance on the Spanish lexicon

(p.118) 6 The impact of Gallo-Romance on the Spanish lexicon
A History of the Spanish Lexicon

Steven N. Dworkin

Oxford University Press

This chapter studies French and Provençal loanwords. Most medieval Gallo-Romance loans reflect spheres of activity in which France predominated over its neighbors in the Iberian Peninsula. In some instances the Gallicisms displaced referentially similar words in medieval Hispano-Romance. Gallicisms played the leading role in introducing the suffix -aje/-age into Hispano-Romance. French lexical influence on (early) modern Spanish reflects French predominance in European cultural, political, social, and intellectual life from the sixteenth century onwards. Almost all borrowings from this period are nouns. Much technical terminology of the nascent natural and social sciences entered Spanish from Gallo-Romance through written sources. Such neologisms often take the form of semantic loans and calques. The modern influx of Gallicisms provoked the first overt reaction against loanwords in restricted circles of the educated speech community.

Keywords:   Gallo-Romance, French and Provençal loanwords, semantic loans, semantic calques, reaction against loanwords

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