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Austria, Hungary, and the HabsburgsCentral Europe c.1683-1867$
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R.J.W. Evans

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541621

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.001.0001

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The Transylvanian Saxons: A German Diaspora

The Transylvanian Saxons: A German Diaspora

(p.209) 12 The Transylvanian Saxons: A German Diaspora
Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs

R. J. W. Evans

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an essay on German diaspora during the Middle Ages. It suggests that of all the community of German migrants it was the Transylvanian Saxons that best deserved the description of a diaspora. This is because they acquired distinctive political, jurisdictional, and ecclesiastical privileges in the kingdom of Hungary, which were sufficiently powerful and autonomous to develop a strong national consciousness but sufficiently remote from other Germans to feel essentially self-reliant.

Keywords:   German diaspora, Middle Ages, Transylvanian Saxons, Hungary, autonomy, national consciousness

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