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Austria, Hungary, and the HabsburgsCentral Europe c.1683-1867$
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R.J.W. Evans

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541621

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.001.0001

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Joseph II and Nationality in the Habsburg Lands

Joseph II and Nationality in the Habsburg Lands

(p.134) 8 Joseph II and Nationality in the Habsburg Lands
Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs

R. J. W. Evans

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an essay on the efforts of Joseph II to gain uniform and absolute control of Central Europe in the 1780s. He made two such attempts, which helped generate or catalyse forces of opposition that would reassert regional and provincial autonomies on an increasingly nationalist basis. This chapter also explores the role of Josephinism in intensifying the sense of local and ethnic identity and reveals that most of the supporters of Joseph II were early leaders of movements committed to the propagation of national cultures.

Keywords:   Joseph II, autonomies, Central Europe, national cultures, Josephinism, ethnic identity

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