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Bourgeoisie, State and DemocracyRussia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA$
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Graeme Gill

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.001.0001

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The Making of a Social Class: The Post‐Soviet Bourgeoisie

The Making of a Social Class: The Post‐Soviet Bourgeoisie

(p.66) 3 The Making of a Social Class: The Post‐Soviet Bourgeoisie
Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy

Graeme Gill (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the origins of the post-Soviet bourgeoisie. It analyses the way it emerged during perestroika, and especially the role of the party state and its resources in both the shaping of the new class and in the resources it had available to it. The importance of the Komsomol, the nomenklatura, Gorbachev's policy program, and privatization are explained in order to view the three overlapping stages of the emergence of the new class. The origin of a section of the bourgeoisie is also to be found outside the state sector, and this is outlined, especially the role of criminal activity in this. The question of the social integration of this group is also explored.

Keywords:   origins, class, perestroika, Komsomol, nomenklatura, Gorbachev, privatisation, crime, social integration

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