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Our Knowledge of the Internal World$
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Robert C. Stalnaker

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199545995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.001.0001

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Locating Ourselves in the World

Locating Ourselves in the World

(p.47) 3 Locating Ourselves in the World
Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Robert C. Stalnaker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter develops and defends a new account of essentially indexical, de se, or self-locating belief with the aim of using it in later chapters to clarify the analogy between self-locating information and phenomenal information. The account is a modified version of David Lewis's analysis of self-locating information in terms of centered possible worlds, which are abstract objects consisting of a possible world plus a designated person and time in the world. It is argued that the modified analysis is better able than Lewis's to account for the way knowledge and belief change over time, and for one person's knowledge and belief about the knowledge and belief of others. The analysis is applied to two famous examples from the literature on essentially self-locating belief — David Lewis's case of the two omniscient gods, and Adam Elga's Sleeping Beauty puzzle. The chapter concludes with an appendix that sketches some of the formal details.

Keywords:   essential indexical, self-locating belief, centered possible worlds, Sleeping Beauty puzzle, David Lewis, Adam Elga

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