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Reframing Social Citizenship$
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Peter Taylor-Gooby

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199546701

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.001.0001

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Welfare Under Altered Circumstances

Welfare Under Altered Circumstances

(p.184) 11 Welfare Under Altered Circumstances
Reframing Social Citizenship

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

Oxford University Press

Welfare states have enjoyed considerable success in containing the pressures of economic, political, and social change identified in Chapter 1. However, an important theme in their responses, the shift towards an individual rational actor approach to policy-making, risks weakening the values that sustain social citizenship. It may support reciprocity but undermines social inclusion and trust in welfare state institutions. Any response must recognise the continuing pressures for greater competitiveness arising in a more open economy. Cost-constraint is not the only factor contributing to productivity. Greater inclusiveness, more open opportunities and constraint on privilege at the top end may help to secure better mobilization of human resources. More democratic accountability will enhance trust in services. The individual rational actor approach to welfare state reform has considerable weaknesses as well as the strengths that make it attractive to governments.

Keywords:   individual rational actor, democracy, accountability, redistribution, inclusion, trust, cost-efficiency, globalization

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