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Nationalism and Social PolicyThe Politics of Territorial Solidarity$
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Daniel Béland and André Lecours

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199546848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546848.001.0001

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The United Kingdom: Nationalism, Devolution, and Social Policy

The United Kingdom: Nationalism, Devolution, and Social Policy

(p.94) 3 The United Kingdom: Nationalism, Devolution, and Social Policy
Nationalism and Social Policy

Daniel Béland (Contributor Webpage)

André Lecours (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 looks at Scotland in the United Kingdom to explore the relationship between nationalism and social policy. It explains how the relationship between British nation-building and social policy emerged during the post-war era and outlines the particular importance of this process in Scotland, which depended more upon social benefits than did the South of England. It then explores the mobilization process favouring devolution for Scotland in the context of social policy retrenchment, and shows how these two issues meshed during Thatcherism. Finally, it analyses the impact of devolution on social policy development in Scotland and in the United Kingdom at large. Although it is too early to draw definite conclusions about the nature and extent of this impact, it is clear that the institutional and political transformations involved in devolution have affected policy processes and outcomes.

Keywords:   devolution, independence, Labour Party, National Health Service, Scotland, Scottish National Party, social policy, Thatcherism, United Kingdom, welfare state

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