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Richard IIManhood, Youth, and Politics 1377-99$
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Christopher Fletcher

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199546916

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546916.001.0001

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The Establishment of a Conciliar Regime, 1388–90

The Establishment of a Conciliar Regime, 1388–90

(p.176) 9 The Establishment of a Conciliar Regime, 1388–90
Richard II

Christopher Fletcher

Oxford University Press

This chapter returns to the aftermath of the Merciless Parliament of 1388 to reconsider how successful Richard II really was in his attempt to throw off the restraints imposed upon him through his ‘coming of age’ in May 1389. It is argued that unusual restrictions on the king's choice of personnel and the disposition of his resources remained in place well into the 1390s. This chapter traces in detail how, despite the king's gains in the Cambridge parliament of autumn 1388, his ‘assumption of government’ of 1389 was quickly followed by the re-assertion and formalization of conciliar mechanisms established in 1386-8. It examines how the councils and parliaments which followed the return of John of Gaunt served to cement these arrangements, now guaranteed by the supervision of the duke, his brothers, and those involved in earlier conciliar mechanisms, such as William Wykeham, bishop of Winchester.

Keywords:   Richard II, May 1389, conciliar mechanisms, coming of age, assumption of government, John of Gaunt, William Wykeham

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