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Army, Empire, and Cold WarThe British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971$
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David French

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199548231

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.001.0001

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Policy‐Making and Policy‐Makers

Policy‐Making and Policy‐Makers

(p.12) 1 Policy‐Making and Policy‐Makers
Army, Empire, and Cold War

David French

Oxford University Press

Since the early twentieth century British governments had developed an elaborate culture of ‘defence by committee’ in an effort to resolve the difficult issues that surrounded defence policy. After briefly outlining the structure of the ministries and committees within which national strategy and defence policy were made, this chapter addresses three questions whose answers are fundamental to understanding the development of the British army after Second World War: who made defence policy in general, and decided the structure and capabilities of the army in particular; how well‐prepared were they in terms of their previous experience to do this; and how did their perceptions of the security threats facing Britain evolve after 1945.

Keywords:   ministries, cabinets and committees, policy‐making elites, threat perceptions, Cold War

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