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Europe in Question – Referendums on European Integration - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Sara Binzer Hobolt


Direct democracy has become an increasingly common feature of European politics with important implications for policy‐making in the European Union. The no‐votes in referendums in France and the Netherlands in 2005 put an end to the Constitutional Treaty, and the Irish electorate caused another political crisis in Europe by rejecting the Lisbon Treaty. This book explains how voters decide in referendums on European integration. It develops a comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding referendum behaviour and presents a comparative analysis of EU referendums from 1972 to 2008. To exa ... More

Keywords: campaign, democracy, direct democracy, European integration, European Union, information, political parties, public opinion, referendum, voting behaviour

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780199549948
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Sara Binzer Hobolt, author
Lecturer in Comparative European Politics, University of Oxford.
Author Webpage