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South African Economic Policy under Democracy$
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Janine Aron, Brian Kahn, and Geeta Kingdon

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.001.0001

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A Long‐run Perspective on Contemporary Poverty and Inequality Dynamics

A Long‐run Perspective on Contemporary Poverty and Inequality Dynamics

(p.270) 10 A Long‐run Perspective on Contemporary Poverty and Inequality Dynamics
South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Murray Leibbrandt

Ingrid Woolard

Christopher Woolard

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes inequality and poverty trends in South Africa over the long run. In an attempt to provide an integrated review of apartheid and post-apartheid inequality trends, Section 2 uses census data to provide an empirical summary of inequality trends from 1970 to 2001. Section 3 updates this review through to 2006 by summarizing some of the recent debates around measured changes in poverty and inequality over the last decade. Section 4 presents and discusses a set of inequality decompositions by income source. This provides the backdrop for more detailed discussions of the performance of the post-apartheid labour market in Section 5 and the role of social grants in Section 6. Section 7 briefly summarizes the major points from the preceding sections and concludes by exploring implications of this empirical analysis for inequality and poverty going forward.

Keywords:   South Africa, post-apartheid inequality, poverty trends, inequality decompositions, social grants

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