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South African Economic Policy under Democracy$
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Janine Aron, Brian Kahn, and Geeta Kingdon

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.001.0001

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The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS and ART

The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS and ART

(p.244) 9 The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS and ART
South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Ben Smit

Linette Ellis

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the macroeconomic effects of HIV/AIDS and of the proposed large scale anti-retroviral treatment (ART) programme in South Africa, and considers the prognosis for the future. Although the impact of HIV/AIDS on a country's economic performance is likely to be adverse, the extent of these economic costs is difficult to determine with any reasonable degree of certainty. Moreover, although a large-scale ART programme should be beneficial to the HIV-positive members of society and their close relations, it is not necessarily the case that it would be economically beneficial.

Keywords:   anti-retroviral treatment, macroeconomic effects, HIV, demographic impact

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