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Innovation, Path Dependency, and PolicyThe Norwegian Case$
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Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551552

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001

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Introduction: Innovation in Norway

Introduction: Innovation in Norway

(p.1) 1 Introduction: Innovation in Norway
Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy

Jan Fagerberg (Contributor Webpage)

David C. Mowery (Contributor Webpage)

Bart Verspagen (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This introductory chapter focuses on the co-evolution of science, technology, and innovation policy and industrial structure in Norway. It develops an evolutionary and historically oriented approach to the study of the development of science, technology, and innovation policy that may have wide applicability. Moreover, it focuses on a particular type of innovation — innovation in resource-based activities — that differs in many respects from the more commonly studied ‘high-tech’ case and which arguably be of relevance for many other countries (not the least in the developing part of the world). Finally, the chapter emphasizes the roles played by institutions and politics in innovation. Arguably, previous work on national systems of innovation has often devoted little attention to these matters, possibly because much of it examines ‘snapshots’ of various innovation systems at a specific point in time and lacks historical depth.

Keywords:   national innovation system, natural resources, co-evolution, innovation policy

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