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Developments in EU External Relations Law$
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Marise Cremona

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199552894

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552894.001.0001

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Comparing the EU's Role in Neighbourhood Conflicts 1

Comparing the EU's Role in Neighbourhood Conflicts 1

(p.216) 6 Comparing the EU's Role in Neighbourhood Conflicts1
Developments in EU External Relations Law

Nathalie Tocci

Oxford University Press

This chapter assesses the EU's impact and effectiveness in promoting peacemaking in its neighbourhood through its contractual relations with conflict parties. It does so by focusing on five conflicts in the European neighbourhood: the conflicts in Cyprus, Turkey (and the Kurds), Serbia and Montenegro, Israel-Palestine, and Georgia (Abkhazia and South Ossetia). It establishes three ‘channels of influence’ through which, in the context of contractual relations, the EU may impact on these neighbourhood conflicts. The first is conditionality (both positive and negative); the second is social learning; and the third channel of influence is termed passive enforcement. It is argued that the process of experiential learning which passive enforcement implies gives rise to a subtler process of influence and change than conditionality, and may be perceived as less of an external imposition, embedded as it is in legal commitments voluntarily undertaken.

Keywords:   European Union, peacemaking, Cyprus, Turkey, Serbia and Montenegro, Israel-Palestine, Georgia, contractual relations

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