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The Theological Epistemology of Augustine's De Trinitate$
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Luigi Gioia

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199553464

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553464.001.0001

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The Holy Spirit and the Inner‐Life of the Trinity

The Holy Spirit and the Inner‐Life of the Trinity

(p.125) 6 The Holy Spirit and the Inner‐Life of the Trinity
The Theological Epistemology of Augustine's De Trinitate

Luigi Gioia

Oxford University Press

The analysis of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit establishes its Christological and soteriological grounds first and compares them with the sections of the treatise where his inner‐Trinitarian origin, identity, and properties are dealt with more systematically. The Holy Spirit is gift. In the case of the Holy Spirit, the notion of gift acquires a crucial connotation: not only does it evoke the fact that the Holy Spirit is given, but also that he is freely given and at the same time that he freely gives himself. If freedom is one of the defining features of a gift, the Holy Spirit fulfils this condition in the highest conceivable degree. Then, the fact that Scripture presents the Holy Spirit as belonging to the Father and to the Son, as being the Spirit of the Father and of the Son, teaches us that the Holy Spirit is the common charity through which Father and Son love each other. The answer to the question of how crucial is the doctrine of the filioque to Augustine's Trinitarian theology is just as crucial as the understanding of inner‐Trinitarian life as life of love.

Keywords:   Christological, soteriological, Trinitarian, Holy Spirit, gift, freedom, Father, Son, charity, filioque, love

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