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The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law$
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Kevin Jon Heller

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554317

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

War Crimes

War Crimes

(p.203) 9 War Crimes
The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the tribunals' war-crimes jurisprudence. Section 1 explores when the Hague and Geneva Conventions applied, how the tribunals defined ‘occupation’, and whether the applicability of the Conventions was affected by the illegality of a particular aggressive war or invasion. Section 2 discusses two issues involved in the summary execution of partisans: when partisans could qualify as lawful combatants, and whether unlawful combatants could be summarily executed. Section 3 focuses on crimes against prisoners of war. Section 4 examines crimes against civilians, particularly slave labour and deportation. Finally, Section 5 addresses the crime against property of plunder/spoliation.

Keywords:   war crimes, Geneva Convention, Hague Regulations, occupation, summary execution, partisans, unlawful combatants, slave labor, deportation, plunder

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